Legal Term Glossary

General Legal Terms

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Decision of an appellate court to change all or part of the decision of a lower court.

Sentence

Punishment set by the court within the range of punishments authorized by statute.

Settlement

An agreement that provides satisfaction to one or both individuals in a civil lawsuit in return for dismissal of the case.

Small Claims Division

Special division established within each justice court to legally resolve claims that do not exceed $2,500.

Statute

Law enacted by the Legislature and published as the Arizona Revised Statutes (A.R.S.).

Subpoena

An order to compel someone to come to a court at a certain date and time; there are penalties if that person does not come to court.  Subpoena duces tecum is the technical name for a subpoena for production of evidence.

Synonyms: Subpoena duces tecum
Summons

A document given to a sheriff or other officer that tells the person named in the summons that a lawsuit has been started against them in court, and what day and time they have to show up at court.

Supersedeas Bond

A bond or amount of money, usually the amount of the judgment, that stays with the court while an appeal is in process.

Testimony

Statements made by witnesses who have taken an oath or affirmed that they will tell the truth.

Transcript

Official written, word-for-word record of court proceedings.

Trial

Formal presentation of facts to a court or jury in order to reach a legal decision.

Trial de Novo

A new trial that is held upon appeal from a non-record court, or from appeal of an arbitration award.

True Bill

An indictment by a grand jury.

Trust

Handing over property or money to one person, to be held for the benefit of another person.

Unbundled Legal Services

A form of legal representation, also referred to as limited scope representation, where the case is broken up into segments and the attorney and client agree that the attorney will only provide assistance for designated parts of the case instead of full representation. This method is cheaper than full representation and places the responsibility of  handling the case back on the client.

Synonyms: Limited Scope Representation
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This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.

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