Legal Term Glossary

General Legal Terms

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Term Definition

A document given to a sheriff or other officer that tells the person named in the summons that a lawsuit has been started against them in court, and what day and time they have to show up at court.

Author: Cathleen Cole
Supersedeas Bond

A bond or amount of money, usually the amount of the judgment, that stays with the court while an appeal is in process.


Statements made by witnesses who have taken an oath or affirmed that they will tell the truth.


Official written, word-for-word record of court proceedings.


Formal presentation of facts to a court or jury in order to reach a legal decision.

Trial de Novo

A new trial that is held upon appeal from a non-record court, or from appeal of an arbitration award.

True Bill

An indictment by a grand jury.


Handing over property or money to one person, to be held for the benefit of another person.

Unbundled Legal Services

A form of legal representation, also referred to as limited scope representation, where the case is broken up into segments and the attorney and client agree that the attorney will only provide assistance for designated parts of the case instead of full representation. This method is cheaper than full representation and places the responsibility of  handling the case back on the client.

verbal avowal

a statement of acknowledgment or admission


Formal decision of a trial jury.


 A travel document that gives permission for an individual to leave and enter a specified country, over a certain amount of time.

Voir Dire

The questioning of prospective jurors being selected to try a case, regarding their qualifications or any bias or prejudice, which would allow their removal through the use of challenges for cause and/or peremptory challenges.

Author: Cathleen Cole

The minor being discussed in probate and guardianship cases

Author: Cathleen Cole

A warrant is an order from the court to law enforcement to take someone or something into custody. Some warrant information is forwarded to law enforcement agencies throughout Arizona. For example, the court may order a “bench” warrant for law enforcement to arrest someone who failed to appear in court, or the court may issue a search warrant for law enforcement to seize and remove property from a person, place, or thing.

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This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.