Civil Law Information

Civil cases often involve legal disagreements between individuals, businesses, corporations, or partnerships. A person can also be involved in a civil case with a government entity such as a state, county, or city.

  • The person that begins the process is called the plaintiff.
  • The person or entity that someone is seeking damages from is called the defendant.

There are 3 types of lawsuits that can be brought in court:

  • Small claims
    • Seeking damages for less than $3,500
    • No lawyers are involved (think Judge Judy), unless both sides agree to allow lawyers
    • Cannot appeal the outcome
    • Filed in Justice Court
  • Civil cases seeking damages less than $10,000
    • Filed in Justice Court
    • Legal representation is often present
    • Eligible for appeal
  • Civil cases seeking damages more than $10,000
    • Filed in Superior Court
    • Legal representation is often present
    • Eligible for appeal
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This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.