Legal Term Glossary

General Legal Terms

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Glossaries

Term Definition
Judicial Performance Review

The process, as required by the Arizona Constitution, to periodically review the performance of judges appointed by the governor.

Jurisdiction

The court that is in charge depending on the geographic area, type of case, or amount of money involved.

Author: Cathleen Cole
Jury Commissioner

Court officer who ensures that potential jurors are available to serve when needed by the courts.

Jury Foreman

The presiding member of the grand or petit jury, chosen by the members, who speaks or answers for the jury.

Law

Provision that regulates the conduct of society, primarily generated by the legislative branch of government.

Limited Jurisdiction Court

A court that may hear and decide limited types of cases. In Arizona, these are the justice and municipal courts.

Litigant

A person or persons involved in a lawsuit.

Litigation

A judicial contest that seeks a decision from the court.

Magistrate

Often used to refer to a municipal court judge, but A.R.S. 1-215 provides a broad definition that includes all judicial officers with power to issue a warrant for arrest: includes a Supreme Court justice and judges of the superior, justice and municipal courts.

Mandamus

Also known as a writ of mandamus is an order of a court to an inferior government agency, official, or corporation, for the person or entity to perform or correct  or abstain from an act that is required by law.

Material Breach

A material breach of a contract is a significant violation of an agreement which can result in the complete termination of the agreement and the ability for the wronged party to sue for damages.

Author: Cathleen Cole
Mechanic's Lien

A specific legal tool used to recover payment for labor or services that were performed at a building or a construction site that have not been paid. A person who was not paid for their services would seek a judgement for a mechanic’s lien and if granted the lien would be attached to the property to be paid when the property was sold.

Merit Selection

A system for a judicial nomination commission to recommend candidates for judicial appointments to the governor.

Misdemeanor

An offense less serious than a felony, punishable by a sentence other than being sent to prison (A.R.S. 13-105).

Motion

A request to a judge seeking a specific ruling or court order.

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This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.

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