Legal Term Glossary

General Legal Terms

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Glossaries

Term Definition
Record on Appeal

Those papers, transcripts and exhibits from the trial court that are forwarded to the appellate court for review.

Prosecutor

Attorney representing the citizens of a particular community or the state in a criminal case. This may be the city attorney, county attorney or attorney general.

Proposition 109

The constitutional amendment that required public input and the establishment of a process to review judges job performances.

Probation

A conditional suspension of the sentence given by a court in a criminal case. If the terms of probation are completed successfully, the sentence is not imposed. If the terms of probation are violated, probation may be revoked and the sentence carried out.

Probate

The legal process of establishing the validity of a will and settling an estate.

Probable Cause

Reasonable cause; there is more evidence for than against.

Pro Per

Appearing in court for oneself, as in the case of one who does not use the services of a lawyer.

Synonyms - Pro Se
Presiding Judge

Judge who handles the administrative duties of the court. Depending on the court, this judge may also hear cases.

Preliminary Hearing

Court proceeding used to determine whether there is enough evidence against a person charged with a felony to proceed to trial.

Precinct

Geographic subdivision of city, town or county, used to describe the jurisdiction of a justice of the peace or for election purposes.

Points of Law

The legal questions that a case may raise.

Plea Agreement

A process between the accused and the prosecution to negotiate a mutually satisfactory outcome of the case.

Synonyms - Plea Bargain
Plea

Response of a defendant to the criminal charges stated; the plea is usually guilty or not guilty.

Petition for Review

An application asking an appellate court to examine a ruling or decision.

Petition

Written request to the court asking for specific legal action.

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This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.

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