Legal Term Glossary

General Legal Terms

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Glossaries

Term Definition
Aribtrator

An attorney selected to hear a case and settle the legal dispute without a formal trial.

Arraignment

Court proceeding in which the defendant stands before the judge to answer criminal charges by entering a plea of guilty or not guilty.

Attorney-at-Law

One who is admitted to the State Bar of Arizona and who may represent clients in legal proceedings. Also called lawyer or counsel.

Bail

Money or other form of security the judge requires to be held by the court to ensure that a criminal defendant, released while awaiting trial, will be in court for the trial. Bail is returned when the defendant returns for trial.

Bailiff

Courtroom attendant responsible for keeping order in the courtroom and supervising the jury.

Bench

The seat where a judge sits in court.

Board of Supervisors

Local governing body at the county level.

Brief

Written statement explaining facts of a case and laws that apply.

Burden of Proof

Responsibility for proving the facts in a case.

Calendar Days

Calendar days include weekends and holidays

Case

Lawsuit, suit, or action being resolved through the court system.

Case Law

Law composed of previously written decisions of appellate courts.

Chambers

Private office of a judge or justice.

Chief Justice

Presiding justice of the Arizona Supreme Court.

Citizenship

The identity of an individuals national origin.  It defines his/her rights and responsibilities to that country.

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This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.

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