Legal Term Glossary

General Legal Terms

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Glossaries

Term Definition
Probate

The legal process of establishing the validity of a will and settling an estate.

Probation

A conditional suspension of the sentence given by a court in a criminal case. If the terms of probation are completed successfully, the sentence is not imposed. If the terms of probation are violated, probation may be revoked and the sentence carried out.

Proposition 109

The constitutional amendment that required public input and the establishment of a process to review judges job performances.

Prosecutor

Attorney representing the citizens of a particular community or the state in a criminal case. This may be the city attorney, county attorney or attorney general.

Record on Appeal

Those papers, transcripts and exhibits from the trial court that are forwarded to the appellate court for review.

Remand

To send back; an appellate court may remand a case to the trial court for retrial or other action.

Rest

A person is said to rest or rest its case when it has presented all of the evidence it intends to offer.

Retention

The electoral process by which voters decide whether judges will continue to serve another term in their current judicial capacity.

Reverse

Decision of an appellate court to change all or part of the decision of a lower court.

Sentence

Punishment set by the court within the range of punishments authorized by statute.

Settlement

An agreement that provides satisfaction to one or both individuals in a civil lawsuit in return for dismissal of the case.

Small Claims Division

Special division established within each justice court to legally resolve claims that do not exceed $2,500.

Statute

Law enacted by the Legislature and published as the Arizona Revised Statutes (A.R.S.).

Subpoena

An order to compel someone to come to a court at a certain date and time; there are penalties if that person does not come to court.  Subpoena duces tecum is the technical name for a subpoena for production of evidence.

Summons

A document given to a sheriff or other officer that tells the person named in the summons that a lawsuit has been started against them in court, and what day and time they have to show up at court.

Author: Cathleen Cole
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This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.

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