Legal Term Glossary

General Legal Terms

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)


Term Definition
Court Administrator

Person who assists the presiding judge in managing the court.

County Attorney

Attorney elected in each county to prosecute criminal cases on behalf of the public and to represent the county in civil matters.


A claim filed by a defendant in a civil case against the complaint of the plaintiff. For this claim, the defendant is a plaintiff.


A decision by the judge or a verdict by the jury determining that a person charged with a criminal offense is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.

Contested Case

An action in which the defendant opposes the relief sought by the plaintiff.

Synonyms - Contest

An elected official whose primary duty is to deliver and return legal notices and documents as directed by a justice court.

Clerk of the Court

An appointed or elected person who is in charge of keeping records, accounts and managing regular activities for a court.

Civil Law

Area of law that deals with disputes between individuals not involving crimes.

Civil Complaint

Document filed by the plaintiff in a civil case that outlines the claim of the plaintiff against the defendant.


The identity of an individuals national origin.  It defines his/her rights and responsibilities to that country.

Chief Justice

Presiding justice of the Arizona Supreme Court.


Private office of a judge or justice.

Case Law

Law composed of previously written decisions of appellate courts.


Lawsuit, suit, or action being resolved through the court system.

Calendar Days

Calendar days include weekends and holidays

Burden of Proof

Responsibility for proving the facts in a case.


Written statement explaining facts of a case and laws that apply.

Board of Supervisors

Local governing body at the county level.


The seat where a judge sits in court.


Courtroom attendant responsible for keeping order in the courtroom and supervising the jury.

Court Logo

Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | About Us

© , Arizona Bar Foundation | All Rights Reserved

This website has been prepared for general information purposes only. The information on this website is not legal advice. Legal advice is dependent upon the specific circumstances of each situation. Also, the law may vary from state-to-state or county-to-county, so that some information in this website may not be correct for your situation. Finally, the information contained on this website is not guaranteed to be up to date. Therefore, the information contained in this website cannot replace the advice of competent legal counsel licensed in your jurisdiction.